Nicholas Bennett died in 1848 and by 1851 his son Reverend Nicholas Bennet has built the 10 houses that run across the end of the road.
The houses are built in “pairs” with gardens to the back facing south east. The architecture is simple, with little ornamentation.
The semi-detached was becoming increasingly popular as a compromise between terraced houses, which offered no direct access to the rear and detached villas which were expensive to build. Barnsbury Square in Islington which was developed between 1834 and 1847 contains similar small semis on the north and south sides of the square alongside terraces, larger grander semis and villas.
The census shows that the 10 houses are occupied by 41 adults and 23 children.
All the houses are occupied by more than one family except number 6 where Augustus Butler a lithographer and family live.
Indenture of 1853
This is for 2 parcels of land, bordered to the south by a piece of land on which Bennett has recently erected 10 cottages – the 10 cottages at the end of the road.
Lease commences 24 June 1851 for 99 years expiring 24 June 1950 with a rent of £6.16.0
This indenture made the 25th day od December 1853 between the Reverend Nicholas Bennett of No.26 Royal Crescent Notting Hill in the County of Middlesex Clerk of the one part and the Reverend George Jackson of Plymouth in the County of Devon Clerk of the other part Witnesseth that in concern of the costs incurred in erecting the two messuages or tenements hereinafter demised and of the rent and covenanter hereinafter resply reserved and contained on the part of the said George Jackson his exors amore and assigns to be paid performed He The said Nicholas Bennett hath demised and leased And these presents doth demise lease unto the said George Jackson his exors and amore and assigns All those two several plotspieces parcels of land with the cottage messuage or tenement now standing on each piece of land lying and being together on the north east side of ? New Road called Archbishops Road communicating with Somers Place and Brixton Hill in the Parish of St. Mary Lambeth in the county of Surrey abutting South West on the said Archbishops Place Road northeast on a private road belonging to Alexander MacDononald Lockhart Esq, and north West on other ground belonging to the said Nicholas Bennett and now forming part of the Garden of Agnes Villa in the occupation of Thomas John Smith Esq South on the ground belonging to the said Nicholas Bennett on which he has recently recited ten messuages or cottages of the two pieces of ground ? in the front as well as in the rear thereof 17 feet.
Nicholas Bennett still owns the Garden of Agnes a bungalow at the end of Archbishop’s Place.
There are now 22 houses on the south-west, 10 houses to the south-east and 22 to the north-east. The houses to the north-east have gardens at the front.
Merredene Street has not yet ben developed.
We know from an 1886 indenture where George Balls purchases Nos 5 , 7 27,27 33 and 35 Archbishops Place for £770 that there was a lease between Nicholas Bennett and William Hey for the term of 99 years from the 24 June 1851 at the yearly rent of 3 pounds 8 shillings for each piece of ground and cottage.
The system of leasehold land tenure was the basis of most of the capital’s residential development. The land owner would let plots to the lessee – a developer or builder – on the basis that the lessee would build at his own expense a house or houses which, at the end of the period of the lease, would become the property of the ground landlord. On the security of this agreement the developer would raise capital from investors to finance the development of the infrastructure. Sometimes these funds would come from the developers. The developer might then also sub-let individual plots to builders who would undertake the construction. Supervision by the developer and the estate surveyors would ensure the quality of elevations and finish.This system provided great advantage to the landowner; he could develop his land with little risk or capital outlay, he had an income from the ground rent and at the end of the lease the property reverted to the estate. With most leases fixed at 99 years the estates were able to renew leases at increased rents or to redevelop the land at the end of the period. – www.newlondonarchitecture.org
The 1860 Poor Rate records show that Nicholas Bennet own 10 houses in the street. Other owners are:
Reverend ? Jackson 2 houses, Miss Harris 2 houses, Mr Hay 2 houses, A?? Harris 2 houses, Thomas ?uff 2,, James A?dley 2 houses, William Davis 4 houses, Kelly 6, Ann Potter 2, James Johnson 2, Charlotte Shaw 8, Mary Fisher 2, Ann Potter 6
Rev. N. Bennett also owns property in Somers Place occupied by Nelson Curtis the carpenter that he leaves to him in his will. R. H Vanderbosse is also shown as the owner of a house.
Christopher Hart owns numerous properties on Somers Place.
A labourer could expect to earn roughly 15 shillings a week and a watchmaker around 25 shillings.
The Rev. Bennett died in 1875.
The Great Renumbering of 1885
In 1886, after the death of Elizabeth Bennett (Rev. Bennett’s wife) the previous year (3rd July 1884) numbers 5,7,25,27,33 and 35 are sold to George Balls for £770.